Country's population continuing to grow rapidly is directly interlinked with fast declining and degrading
water, land, bio-diversity, environment and other natural resources. Experts are predicting a fast decline in
the availability of farmland and water. Obviously more and more food will have to be produced from even
smaller cultivable land and smaller water resources. The impact of over exploitation of the land and water,
and the effect of climate change are becoming alarming. Therefore, conservation of these resources is of
Water resources in Haryana are depleting continuously which need immediate attention of
one and all. Their over exploitation for our selfish needs has resulted in drastic downing of ground water
level that if continued, will not be available to fulfill the goals of mamoth population. In Haryana due to
continuously increasing area under water-guzzling rice (puddled rice) and sugarcane the water level is
declining by more than a meter per year. Thus, to minimize further reduction in ground water table either
growing of puddled/ conventional rice is to be stopped or area of rice needs to be diversify with crops like
maize, soybean, legumes, pulses and growing only Basmati rice with direct seeded technique (DSR), following
micro-irrigation techniques, water harvesting and conservation.
Intensive cropping coupled with irrigation, Chemical fertigation and better crop husbandry are increasing the
pressure on soil reserves enormously. Excessive removal of nutrients by crops and inadequate supply is the main
cause of soil health deterioration. In Haryana soils the wide spread deficiencies of N,P,K,S,Zn and B have been
recorded. Looking into soil health degradation and for improving the same a multi-pronged approach is required.
Scientific land use planning to help in location specific cropping system optimization, balanced and adequate
nutrient supply in an integrated manner, promotion of residue recycling, integration of legume in cropping
systems and adequate policy support are some critical factors that may help us to achieve sustainable food
security in a healthy environment.
Agriculture bio-diversity is a key resource for attaining food and nutritional security.
Thus rich genetic resource is used for germplasm improvement through breeding, bio-technological interventions
and developing varieties/breeds possessing high productivity, better nutritional quality, adaptation to climate
change and resistant to biotic and abiotic stresses. The rampant loss of bio-diversity and agricultural genetic
resources has led to genetic erosion. Agri-biodiversity, if conserved and used sustainably, can make an
important contribution towards resolving problems of hunger, food security, and malnutrition. Thus, policy
support and priority by scientists/leaders and organizations is warranted for enhanced use of agro-biodiversity.
Managing our natural resources efficiently would obviously require a dynamic approach and a focussed strategy
because these form the backbone of our agricultural sector.
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