World over, the economic environment is changing due to liberalization of trade under World Trade Organisation (WTO)
regime. This has led to several challenges for Indian Agriculture. We need to compete globally in our agricultural production and be more efficient.
This would require our farmers to be empowered with knowledge, technology and appropriate infrastructure. In addition we need to reorient our
export-import policy (EXIM) to protect the interest of our farming community. Also the perspective planning of the agricultural sector needs to
address both domestic and global market requirements. Several countries including China, Brazil, Argentina, Israel etc are now targeting to capture
global market for agri-products. These countries have made enormous efforts in making their agricultural products competi-tive while being compliant
with Sanitory and Phytosanitary (SPS) standards, besides branding and high quality packaging. It is encouraging to note that India’s share in the
global agricultural exports has gone up to more than 2% at present. Major performers are Basmati and non-Basmati rice, wheat, bovine meat, soymeal,
guar gum, cashew, spices and processed food products. At the same time we have not been able to exploit the full potential of Indian agriculture.
It is quite evident that India has potential to compete with countries leading in global market. Nevertheless, it will need long term investment
for strategic research, infrastructure development, besides enabling policy environment through innovative EXIM policy. In addition, the Indian
farmers and researchers will have to focus more upon improving efficiency, increasing total factor productivity, diversification through
spe-cialty agriculture and improving the quality of agricultural produce. It is high time to accelerate efforts to fill the existing research
and extension gaps in agriculture. Adoption of new technologies such as: conservation agriculture; good agricultural practices; efficient soil
and water management technologies; scaling-up of IPM and INM; out-scaling various farm innovations; small scale farm mechanization; post harvest
management and value addition; and also the development of entrepreneurship skills among rural youth will be the game changers. The value-added
secondary agriculture is emerging as a competitive commercial sector and, therefore, our strategy should be to harness available new options in
the global market. In order to have this objective accomplished, government intervention and required support will be necessary to link farmers to
the market and attain inclusive market oriented development (IMOD) for benefits to both the producers and consumers. All these goals are indeed not
insurmountable especially when our National Agriculture Research System (NARS) is quite strong. What we need is to sensitize our farmers and
provide them needed technical backstopping, policy support and incentives to make agriculture both efficient and innovative to capture global
market. I am sure farmers of Haryana will be front runners in this regard.